The Present Perfect Continuous Tense I. A look at the Continuous Tenses

Sana08.05.2017
Hajmi473 b.


The Present Perfect Continuous Tense


I. A Look at the Continuous Tenses

  • A. Present Continuous Tense

  • am

    ,

    is

    ,

    are

    + verb + ing
  • Example: We

    are studying

    the verb tenses now.
  • B. Past Continuous Tense

  • was

    ,

    were

    + verb + ing
  • Example: We

    were studying

    the verb tenses yesterday.
  • C. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • has, have

    +

    been

    + verb + ing
  • Example: We

    have been studying

    the verb tenses for two weeks.


II. Uses of the Present Perfect Perfect Continuous Tense

  • Present Perfect Continuous

    : Used to indicate the

    duration

    of an activity that began in the past and continues to the present. When the tense has this meaning, it is used with time expressions such as for, since, all morning, all day, all week.
  • Examples:

  • I

    have been studying

    since seven o’clock this morning.
  • It

    has been raining

    for two days.
  • You

    have been working

    hard all week.
  • B.

    Present Perfect Continuous

    : When the tense is used without any specific mention of time, it expresses a general activity in progress recently, lately.
  • Examples:

  • I

    have been thinking

    about moving to Newark.
  • She

    has been studying

    hard for her English test.
  • I

    have been sleeping

    on the floor because my back hurts.


III. Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous Tenses

  • With certain verbs (most notably live, work, teach), there is little or no difference in meaning between the two tenses when since or for is used.

  • Examples:

  • I

    have taught

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • I

    have been teaching

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • My sister

    has lived

    in Bound Brook since 1992.
  • My sister

    has been living

    in Bound Brook since 1992.
  • Miriam

    has worked

    at UMDNJ since 1990.
  • Miriam

    has been working

    at UMDNJ since 1990.


IV. Contractions of the Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous Tenses

  • I

    have taught

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • I

    ’ve taught

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • I

    have been teaching

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • I

    ’ve been teaching

    at NPHS for eight years.
  • My sister

    has lived

    in Bound Brook since 1992.
  • My sister

    ’s

    lived

    in Bound Brook since 1992
  • My sister

    has been living

    in Bound Brook since 1992.
  • My sister’

    s been living

    in Bound Brook since 1992.


V. Yes/No and Information Questions in the Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • A.

    Yes/No Questions Have/Has + Subject + BEEN + Verb+-ING + Rest of Sentence

  • Have you been reading

    for

    two hours?
  • No, I haven’t. I

    ’ve been reading

    for three hours.
  • Has she been sleeping all day?

  • Yes, she has.

  • B.

    Information Questions

  • Question Word + Have/Has + Subject + BEEN + Verb+-ING + Rest of Sentence

  • Where have you been reading?

  • I

    ’ve been reading

    in my living room?
  • Why has she been sleeping all day?

  • She

    ’s been sleeping

    all day because she she’s very tired.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:

©2018 Учебные документы
Рады что Вы стали частью нашего образовательного сообщества.
?


the-spanish-imperial.html

the-specific-use-of.html

the-spiralorgan--organ.html

the-squeeze-tool-is.html

the-standpoint-of-the.html